Category: FAQ


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Is this going to be a vegetable garden? An herb garden? A flower garden? If you choose to grow flowers, do you want annuals, which you must replant each year but which give color most of the summer? Or do you prefer perennials, which have a shorter bloom time but come back year after year? You can mix any of the above — after all, it’s your garden. Just one bit of advice: Start small. ‘Tis better to succeed just a little, than to fail grandly.

Almost all vegetables and most flowers need about six hours of full sun each day. Spend a day in your chosen spot and watch how the sun moves across the space. It might receive more sun than you think. But don’t despair if your lot is largely sunless; many plants tolerate shade. Check plant tags or ask the staff at your local garden center to find out how much sun a plant requires.

Put the garden where you can’t ignore its pleas for attention — outside the back door, near the mailbox, by the window you stare out when you dry your hair. Place it close enough to a water spigot that you won’t have to drag the hose to far.

Get rid of the sod covering the area you plan to plant. If you want quick results, you can dig it out, but it’s easier to smother it with newspaper. A layer of five sheets is usually thick enough; double that if your lawn is Bermudagrass or St. Augustine grass.

Spread a 3-inch layer of compost (or combination of potting soil and topsoil) on the newspaper and wait. It’ll take about four months for the compost and paper to decompose.

Invariably, soil needs a boost. The solution is simple: organic matter. Add a 2- to 3-inch layer of compost, decayed leaves, dry grass clippings, or old manure. If you dig soil (see Step 5), till the organic matter into the soil. If you decide not to dig or are working with an established bed you can’t dig, leave the organic matter on the surface and it will work its way into the soil in a few months.=

To learn more about your soil, have a soil test done through your county cooperative extension office. They’ll lead you through the procedure: how much soil to send from which parts of the garden, and the best time to obtain samples. Expect a two- week wait for their findings, which will tell you what your soil lacks and how to amend it.

Digging loosens the soil so roots can penetrate more easily. But digging when the soil is too wet or too dry can ruin its structure. Dig only when the soil is moist enough to form a loose ball in your fist, but dry enough to fall apart when you drop it. Use a spade or spading fork to gently turn the top 8 to 12 inches of soil, mixing in the organic matter from Step 4. In vegetable gardens and beds of annual flowers, turn the soil only once a year in the spring before you plant.

Some people pore over catalogs for months; some people head to the garden center and buy what wows them. Either method works if you choose plants adapted to your climate, your soil, and the amount of sunlight in your garden. You can even surf the Internet for plants to purchase. Here are a few easy-to-grow plants for beginners. Annual: marigolds, impatiens,

geraniums, Calendula, sunflowers, and zinnias. Perennials: , pansies, and daylilies. Vegetables: lettuce, peppers, tomatoes, and cucumbers.

Some plants, such as pansies and kale, tolerate cold, so you can plant them in autumn or late winter. Tomatoes and most annual flowers, on the other hand, are touchy about cold, so don’t plant them until the danger of frost has passed in your area. Midspring and mid autumn are good times to plant perennial flowers. Check with your local garden center for a list of recommended planting dates.

Some plants, such as lettuce and sunflowers, are easy to grow from seed. You can sow them directly in the garden. Be sure to read the seed packet for information about when to plant, how deep to plant, and how far apart to plant the seeds. If you’re an adventurous beginner, you can get a head start on the growing season by sowing seeds indoors before the last frost date.

You can buy containers or flats designed especially for seedlings, as well as seed-starting soil mixes (available at garden centers). Follow seed-packet instructions, and place the containers on a sunny windowsill or under artificial lights if you don’t have window space. Be sure to keep the seeds and seedlings moist but not wet (or they may rot).

An easier method is to buy young plants, called set plants or transplants. Just dig a hole and plunk them in the ground.

WATER Seedlings should never dry out, so water daily while they are small. Taper off as the plants get larger. New transplants also
need frequent watering — every other day or so — until their roots become established. After that, how often you need to water depends on your soil, how humid your climate is, and how often it rains. Plants are begging for water when they wilt slightly in the heat of the day. Water slowly and deeply, so the water soaks in instead of running off into the street. To minimize evaporation, water in the early morning.

To help keep weeds out and water in, cover the soil with a couple of inches of mulch. All sorts of mulch are available, from pine needles to cocoa hulls to bark chips. For a vegetable garden or bed of annuals, choose a mulch that decomposes in a few months. For perennials, use a longer-lasting mulch, such as bark chips.

Your garden is on its way. Keep watering when needed, and pull weeds before they get big. Fertilize with a dry fertilizer about halfway through the season. If you use a liquid fertilizer, fertilize every month or so. And remember to stop and smell the -well, whatever you grow.

Categories: FAQ

Disease control

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Disease control

Plants should be inspected regularly for diseases, and treated with the correct spraying program. When using a spraying programme, remember not to water the plant for at least 4 hours afterwards.

NB! Please read instructions before you commence spraying.

A basic recommended spraying programme

Sucking and biting insects:
Redspiderspray 15ml to 10l water or
Redspidercide 20ml to 10l water or
Malasol 25ml to 10l water or
Garden Ripcord 5ml to 5l water.

Rust, Leaf Spot or Downy Mildew, and Black Spot:
Bravo 500, 25ml to 10l water or
Virikop 50g to 15l water.

Categories: FAQ

General fertilising

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General fertilising

During the propagation period the plants have ample “feed”. A general fertilizer should be given from Spring untill Autumn at least every six weeks. During Winter give ferilizer only once. Fertilizer must never be strewn on dry plants. We recommend 2:3:2 (22) to be used on most plants.

Dosage :

  • 1 teaspoon for a 4 litre plant
  • 2 teaspoons for a 10 litre plant
  • 3 teaspoons for a 20 litre plant

Fertilizer must not be strewn near the stem. The plant must be watered immediately. When using a soluble fertilizer, 1ml per litre of water is recommended.

Categories: FAQ

How to Plant a tree

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How to plant a tree

  1. Dig a hole twice (2) the length and width of the container.
  2. Fill the hole with water one (1) day before planting and let it drain.
  3. Mix the dug out soil with compost. Fertilizer can be added according to the manufacturers’ instructions.
  4. Position the tree next to the hole.
  5. Cut off the plastic bag as near as possible to the bottom of the container.
  6. Remove the plastic from the top.
  7. Fill the hole with soil so that the top of the container will be just lower than the surrounding soil, after the tree has been planted.
  8. Extra large trees can be placed in the hole with the help of two poles.
  9. Keep the tree upright and fill the cavity under the container with soil so that the tree stands up by itself.
  10. Pound or trample the soil firmly around the tree.
  11. Make a dam around the tree and fill with water. Let it drain.
  12. If the tree should tilt, anchor it with suitable anchors, especially in windy areas like Vulintaba.
  13. Thread anchor cables through a piece of plastic tubing or hose pipe, where the cable touches the trunk.
  14. Water the tree thoroughly twice a week, until the tree can sustain itself.
  15. 2:3:2 (22) fertilizer can be administered according to the manufacturers’ instructions.
  16. To help with wetting the roots of the tree, a 20mm piece of black PVC pipe can be placed next to the tree roots to help with watering.
Categories: FAQ